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The Grapes of Wrath
Written by John Steinbeck
About the title
While writing the novel at his home, Steinbeck had unusual difficulty devising a title. The Grapes of Wrath, suggested by his wife Carol Steinbeck, which was deemed more suitable than anything by the author. The title is a reference to lyrics from "The Battle Hymn of the Republic“(《共和国的战斗赞美诗》)--- A war song of the Civil War:
Mine eyes have seen the glory of ing of the Lord:
He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored;
He hath loosed the fateful lightning of His terrible swift sword:
His truth is marching on.
These lyrics refer, in turn, to the biblical passage.
With the Stock Market crash of 1929 , America moved into the Great Depression.
The economic structure in the U.S.A. changed.
The gap between the rich and the poor lengthened.
More and more people lost their jobs, so the unemployment and poverty became the main social problems.
Then a lot of people went along the Highway 66 to california , hoping to find jobs , lands , dignities and their futures.
the Great Depression
The Great Depression in 1930s
The Wall Street crash in Oct. 24, 1929, “the bottom dropped of the stock market”
The dim decade of 1930s replaced the glittering 1920s.
Banks failed, factories closed and agriculture withered; Jobless millions roamed the street; the breadless stretched long; Absolute poverty and struggled for survival is a nightmarish experience of life.
Protagonist of the story; the Joad family's second son, named after his father. Later on, Tom takes leadership of the family even though he is young.
The mother of the Joad family. Practical and warm-spirited, she tries to hold the family together. She is the healer of the family’s ills and arbiter of its arguments.
A former preacher who lost his faith. He is a radical philosopher, a motivator and unifier of men, and a martyr