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纵达时时彩娱乐平台:girls for sale child sex ratio and girls trafficking in india:女孩在印度贩卖儿童性别比例和女孩.pdf


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girls for sale child sex ratio and girls trafficking in india:女孩在印度贩卖儿童性别比例和女孩.pdf
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DISCUSSION PAPER SERIES Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit Institute for the Study of Labor Girls for Sale? Child Sex Ratio and Girls Trafficking in India IZA DP No. 8293 June 2014 Nishith Prakash Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati Girls for Sale? Child Sex Ratio and Girls Trafficking in India Nishith Prakash University of Connecticut, IZA and CReAM Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati Norwegian University of Science and Technology Disc ussion Paper No. 8 293 June 2014 IZA P.O. Box 7240 53072 Bonn Germany Phone: +49 - 228 -3894 - 0 Fax: +49 - 228 -3894 - 180 E -mail: [email protected] Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of IZA. Research published in this series may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The IZA work mitted to the IZA Guiding Principles of Research Integrity. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual intern ational research center and a place munication between science, politics and business. IZA is an independent nonprofit organization supported by Deutsche Post Foundation . The center is associated with the University of Bonn and offers a stimulating r esearch environment through its work, workshops and conferences, data service, project support, research visits and doctoral program. IZA engages in (i) original and petitive research in all fields of labor economics, (i i) development of policy concepts, and (iii) dissemination of research results and concepts to the interested public. IZA Discussion Papers often represent preliminary work and are circulated to encourage discussion. Citation of such a paper should accou nt for its provisional character. A revised version may be available directly from the author. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8 2 93 June 2014 ABSTRACT Girls for Sale? Child Sex Ratio and Girls Trafficking in India * Illegal trafficking of women is a result of their disadvantageous position in the society that is often reflected in increasing preference for son and neglect for daughters. Multiple reports point to India a s country confronted with both higher levels of illegal trafficking of girls and abnormal child sex ratios in favor of boys. In this paper we examine if a skewed sex ratio and shortage of girls is associated with their illegal trafficking in India. Using p anel data of 29 Indian states from 1980 -2011, we find that 100 unit increase in child sex ratio is associated with a 0.635% increase in illegal trafficking of girls. We find the association to be heterogeneous by female empowerment, crime against women and p arty rule in the state. We find that association between child sex ratio and illegal trafficking of girls is stronger and larger in magnitude in states with greater female empowerment. Overall, it appears that the results are driven by both greater reporti ng and greater incidence of illegal girls traf 内容来自淘豆网时时彩平台 www.roa7e.cn转载请标明出处.
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